In recent decades and as a result of the implementation of awareness campaigns, it was possible to reduce the incidence of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) in United States. However, recently it has been detected an alarming increase in the incidence of some infections such as syphilis, genital herpes, chlamydia or gonococcus.
Preventive Medicine Specialists attribute the increase to the lack of awareness of the possible risk of contagion by the population. The use of preventive measures such as condoms has been substantially reduced. Furthermore, the fact that some infections can have long latency times (eg HIV) or even not produce symptoms (eg some cases of genital herpes , gonococcus, chlamydia) can also support this increase.
The key point to reduce STD probably lies at the start of advertising campaigns and health education. Importantly, most STDs can be transmitted both via vaginal and anal intercourse, and oral sex. Another fact to note is the need to see a doctor or specialist in cases of sexual contact risk to perform the necessary tests and sometimes even initiate empirical treatment.
Most STDs like chlamydia , the genital herpes or gonococcal have a short latency period and symptoms appear early on. In contrast, HIV often have a long latency time, even years. Therefore, before any sexual contact of risk, we must make a screening for the most common STD, having symptoms or not. Finally, in recent years it has been detected an increase in the incidence of syphilis especially among gay men. This infection can be successfully eradicated using penicillin, but if not managed properly, can generate potentially serious complications .
In conclusion, in this post we try to participate in the awareness of the population to the risk of STDs and the need to use protective measures such as condoms. Before any sexual contact risk, you must go to a doctor to do one STD screening.